Cryotherapy refers to a variety of cold applications that can be used in multiple ways to effectively treat sports injuries. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages with some applications for the treatment of acute injuries and some for chronic injuries.
Cryotherapy can be used for a number of therapeutic purposes including the treatment of:
The Fourth Annual Summit on Sports Concussion and Other Athletic Injuries was recently held in Los Angeles, California and brought together nationally renowned physicians, researchers, and other sports medicine professionals to present the latest information on the recognition, management, and treatment of athletes who have been diagnosed with concussions.
Blisters are a common problem for athletes and active people and can cause significant pain depending on their size, depth, and location. Improper management can lead to tearing of adjacent skin tissue, infection, bleeding, and increased pain.
Finding a competitive athlete that has never had a minor injury is nearly impossible. Ankle-sprains, pulled or torn muscles, and knee-sprains are commonplace with athletes in high action and endurance sports.
Exercise-induced muscle cramps are painful, debilitating, and can take an athlete out of competition. They can occur in athletes in all types of sports and are usually associated with muscle fatigue and/or dehydration with an associated loss of electrolytes. It is not uncommon to see an athlete drop to the ground in agony near the end of a competition due to muscle cramps in his/her legs.
Simple movement and the ability to sprint, stop, turn on a dime, and unnaturally stretch, is often a fundamental necessity for the competitive athlete. Unfortunately, the impact and overuse of bones and muscles will take its toll. Aches and pains are quite common, however constant pain or limited movement could also mean a stress fracture.
A sports hernia also known as athletic pubalgia, Gilmore’s groin, and slap shot gut, is an uncommon, but often missed cause of groin pain in high level athletes. It is poorly understood and poorly defined in the medical community. It is also very difficult to identify based on history and physical exam of an athlete with groin pain.
An effective emergency action plan (EAP) can make the difference in the outcome of an athlete with a catastrophic injury. If it were not for the quick actions of the medical team and their emergency action plan during the U.S. speedskating national trials held on September 12, 2009, J.R. Celski might not have been able to skate.
A quadriceps tendon rupture occurs relatively infrequently and usually occur in athletes older than 40 years. Injuries to the quadriceps tendon can be very disabling. They can cause significant loss of time from sport and work.
For an athlete to improve, productive practice, in both quality and quantity, is imperative. The all-important practice can invite injury and have a detrimental effect on an athlete’s overall game if muscle imbalance begins to occur.
An overuse injury in sports is very common. Pain in the front of the knee, patellofemoral pain syndrome,
patella tendon strain, hamstring strain, hip strain and rotator cuff strain are conditions I treat on regular bases in my population of athletes.
Until improved safety regulations for competitive and sideline cheerleading are in place, parents need to take a stand and advocate for change. Closely approaching the two year anniversary of the death of competitive cheer performer Lauren Chang, has the sport of cheerleading made any progress in becoming safer since her death?
Thermotherapy can be an effective treatment in facilitating the healing process if it is used properly. However, the application of heat too early can exacerbate tissue damage in an acute injury and actually prolong the healing process. Understanding how and when to use heat is important in the care and treatment of athletic injuries.
The biceps muscle is an important muscle in the upper arm. As its name implies, the “bi-ceps” has two origins around the shoulder (one within the shoulder joint, and the other from the shoulder blade at the “coracoid process”) that join the muscle belly as it courses along the front of the upper arm to insert in the proximal forearm (“radius” bone).
Piriformis syndrome is a pain syndrome involving low back or buttock pain that is referred to the leg. It is a controversial syndrome that is an often under-diagnosed cause of sciatica type pain. It is a symptom complex that can involve pain, numbness, and various other presentations. It is estimated to occur in 5%-36% of patients who present with complaints of low back pain.
What are shin splints?
The term “shin splints” refers to pain and tenderness along the front and inner side of the bone in the lower leg, the tibia. Shin splints are frequently encountered in athletes and can cause significant pain that limits the ability to compete. The official medical term used to describe shin splints is “medial tibial stress syndrome” (MTSS).
Knowing the health care system as well as having a fundamental understanding of the different health care professionals and their areas of expertise can save the patient precious time and money when recovering from a sports injury.
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