Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue in the back of your leg that connects your heel Achilles tendon bone to your calf muscles. The Achilles tendons are the strongest tendons in your body  and  can handle about four times a person’s body weight. But athletes often get Achilles tendon injuries and becuase of the stress put on the tendon.

The Achilles tendon was named in 1693 after the Greek hero Achilles.

Achilles Tendon Injuries

  • Achilles Tendinitis – IInflammation of the Achilles tendon is called Achilles tendinitis. Achilles tendinosis is the soreness or stiffness of the tendon, particularly worse when exercising, and generally due to overuse.[17] The most common symptoms are pain and swelling around the affected tendon.[18] The pain is typically worse at the start of exercise and decreases thereafter.[19] Stiffness of the ankle may also be present.[20] Onset is generally gradual. Source Wikipedia.
  • Achilles tendon rupture – is when the Achilles tendon breaks. Symptoms include the sudden onset of sharp pain in the heel.A snapping sound may be heard as the tendon breaks and walking becomes difficult.Rupture typically occurs as a result of a sudden bending up of the foot when the calf muscle is engaged, direct trauma, or long-standing tendonitis.  Other risk factors include the use of fluoroquinolones, a significant change in exercise, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or corticosteroid use. Diagnosis is typically based on symptoms and examination and supported by medical imaging.Achi lles tendon rupture occurs in about 1 per 10,000 people per year.  Males are more commonly affected than females.  People in their 30s to 50s are most commonly affected. Source Wikipedia.



Avatar for The SportsMD Editors
The SportsMD Editors

SportsMD is creating the industries most trusted sports medicine content. To ensure the RunnersMD website provide accurate and comprehensive content, we work with carefully selected authors who have subject area expertise. All of our articles are written by health professionals and peer-reviewed. Content is reviewed and updated regularly to maintain accuracy and reflect the latest research.